Dental care article

Types of gum disease
If plaque builds up and is not removed, you are at risk of developing gum diseases. The earliest stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. This is an inflammation of the gums, which may cause swelling, tenderness and bleeding, when brushing or flossing.

Your risk of getting gum disease increases if you smoke, or have certain medical conditions. About three out of four adults over the age of 35 have some form of gum disease, or have had it in the past.

Fortunately, if detected early and with proper oral daily hygiene and regular dental visits, gingivitis can be reversed.

However, if gingivitis is left untreated, it may progress to a more severe form of gum disease called periodontitis.

Periodontitis not only damages the gums, it can also reduce the supporting bone. Once it develops, the damage can’t be reversed; only a professional treatment programme and improved daily oral care at home can limit further damage.

With thanks to Oral-B – Preventing Gum Diseases

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