Dental articles

Basic dental care
Removing dental plaque by brushing your teeth at least twice a day, and flossing, is important to keep your teeth healthy, and to avoid gum diseases. Good oral hygiene starts with using a toothpaste that contains fluoride, anti-bacterial and anti-tartar ingredients.
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Types of gum disease
If plaque builds up and is not removed, you are at risk of developing gum diseases. The earliest stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. This is an inflammation of the gums, which may cause swelling, tenderness and bleeding, when brushing or flossing.
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Common lesions of the oral cavity (mouth)
Ulcers of the mouth may be caused by Infections Viral-Herpes simplex commonly known as herpes or cold sore. In children it appears as multiple vesicles(ulcers) on the inner lip or gums. Children may present with symptoms of malaise, fever, headache, sore throat and inflamed lymph nodes.
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Dental pain
Toothache has many potential causes. Pain could be originating from the teeth themselves or any surrounding tissues such as the gums, the bone, the nerves or even pain originating from the skull referring to the area.
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Halitosis
Halitosis is the term used to describe the foul smell of breath (‘bad breath’) and is associated with psychosocial consequence and self-consciousness. Most primary healthcare practitioners have insufficient information on the diagnosis and treatment of halitosis. There are various causes of halitosis and therefore different treatments depending on the cause.
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Mouth Sores, Tooth Decay and Tooth Loss
The most common mouth sore is an ulcer. Mouth ulcers are very common and usually the cause is due to underlying disease. They are very painful and may be found in several areas of the mouth i.e. on inner lips, gums, tongue, roof of the mouth or throat. Other causes can be burns, biting of the tongue or cheeks, or eating acidic foods such as sour sweets and pineapple.
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Temporomandibular joint disorders
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the joint that connects the jaw to the temporal bones of the skull. Temporomandibular joint disorder, known more commonly as TMD, occurs when there are problems with the muscles and jaws in the face.
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Baby bottle tooth decay
A dental condition that occurs in children between 12 months and 3 years of age as a result of being given a bottle at bedtime, resulting in prolonged exposure of the teeth to milk or juice. Caries are formed because pools of milk or juice in the mouth break down to lactic acid and other decay-causing substances. Preventive measures include elimination of the bedtime feeding or substitution of water for milk or juice in the nighttime bottle. Formerly called nursing bottle caries.
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How many teeth do you have?
Note that a child does not have pre-molars. The primary molars are replaced by the permanent pre-molars and the first permanent molar erupts distally to the second primary molar.
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