Mouth Sores

The most common mouth sore is an ulcer. Mouth ulcers are very common and usually the cause is due to underlying disease. They are very painful and may be found in several areas of the mouth i.e. on inner lips, gums, tongue, roof of the mouth or throat. Other causes can be burns, biting of the tongue or cheeks, or eating acidic foods such as sour sweets and pineapple.

Treatment They usually go away after several days and there’s no need to seek a professional but if they persist and keep recurring over in the same area, please urgently go see a doctor.

Tooth decay

Tooth decay is the softening of your tooth enamel and refers to the damage of the structure of the tooth caused by acids that are created when plaque bacteria break down sugar in your mouth. If this loss of mineral from the enamel is left untreated, a cavity, or hole in the tooth, can eventually occur.

If cavities aren’t treated, they get larger and affect deep layers of teeth. They can lead to a severe toothache, infection and tooth loss. Regular dental visits and good brushing and flossing habits are best to fight tooth infection and decay.

Tooth loss

Gum disease and dental caries are the leading causes of tooth loss among adults. Tooth loss makes it difficult to chew your food and sometimes affects speech. This is why its important to maintain and take care of your teeth daily.


  • Kapoor U, Sharma G, Juneja M, Nagpal A. Halitosis: Current concepts on etiology, diagnosis and management. Eur J Dent. 2016 Apr-Jun; 10(2): 292–300

With thanks to Oral-B – Preventing Gum Diseases

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